There are various techniques and painting styles in Japanese painting, among those techniques, the most acknowledgeable ones are Sumie and Nihonga.

.: Nihonga :.
Nihon = Japan in Japanese
Ga = Painting, work of art
This technique comes from the old and original Japanese pictorial art called Yamatoe (Yamato’s painting), where “Yamato” is the ancient term for Japan, and “e” means “drawing” in Japanese.

There are several styles and methods which determine the way of painting.
.: Sumie :.

Sumi = name of the black solid ink on bars that is used to paint, obtained from soot alloyed with resin and glue.

E = means “drawing, painting” in Japanese.

In Sumie, the strokes to represent a work's picturesque image are made with a tonal variation of the monochromatic ink (Aguadas).

The achievement of the stroke is a natural and spontaneous impression of the energies that perceives the subject of the object to paint.

It is not meant to copy, nor represent an object but to exhibit a variety of ideas and feelings across the variation of movement, modulation of pressure and the changes in the brush's pose.
When the Painting Technique “Sumie” is made according with the religious thought of Zen, the style is called “Zenga” (Zen Painting), the Principles of self-discipline, quietness, austerity and limitation are represented here.

Practitioners, on mistrusts by sensual attractions and, in order to get austerity discarded color in the works, simplifying the figurative grade, and, without being rational they propose a pictorial image via a spontaneous and direct intuition.

This painting technique is figurative, the images are well-defined with an elaborate design; later, they are dyed with subtle variations of valor and color using diverse organic and inorganic pigments using water as medium, and oriental brushes on various types of support (rice paper, silk, wood, a thin layer of gold, etc.) depending on the paining method.